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A Theoretical Framework on Stress Dynamics in Functional Gastrointestinal Disorder and Corona Virus Disease

Author : Dr. Urmita Chakraborty

Abstract :

People do a lot worry for their physical changes than anything else. Among various health concerns, people feel more distress when the symptoms persist or appears after a certain time. Functional Gastrointestinal Disorder (FGID) is a type of gut related complications where individuals feel disguised mental tension at gastrointestinal tract regions. This condition has perpetuating nature and medication solely is not the answer for intervention. However, Corona Virus Disease (COVID 19) or SARS COV 2 or simply Corona Virus Pandemic is a never forgettable phenomenon of this century. It is a widely spreading condition causing damage to multiple organs. Therefore, end of an infected person’s life may happen. An adequate, scientifically curable and proven treatment is still in search. Various branches of health care are trying to resolve the urgent matter. Over the months what has been established as etiology of this malicious disease is quite unique. COVID 19 causes neurological impairment. Besides, neuronal damage, other significant changes include Neuro-inflammation, CNS and PNS related severe manifestations, and immune injury. This disease also primary to cause Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Brain Lesions, Brain Ischemia, Neuron Necrosis, and Neuromuscular problems (Singhal, 2020). Therefore, how stress has been caused in a human body can enlighten the understanding of the mentioned manifestations. The present study aims at understanding various stress models for FGID and in the context of Corona Pandemic. A critical analysis of relevant Stress Models will be significant for knowing psychological healing strategies. Stress is widely studied aspect with psycho physiological importance. It can be generated by mental stressors (anger), physical excretion or community events (pandemic or natural disaster). Stress is seen in a person’s body as a demand is perceived (Kumari et al, 2009). The present study has an exploratory research design. A rapid systematic review of recent studies and academic webinars has been made by the researcher. The study will discuss relevance of Stress Models namely Diathesis Stress Model, Effort Distress Model, Job Stress Model, Stage Model of Stress, epidemiological Model of Stress, Psychological Model, Biological Model, Stress based Animal Model, The stimulus based Model of Stress, The Response based Model of Stress, The Transactional Model of Stress, Stress Disequilibrium Model of Chronic Disease development, Animal Model of Anxiety, Animal Model of diseases, Mouse model of disease. The deeper understanding of Stress Models will enable Psychologists and other professionals to develop treatment tools. This study will show the relevance of considering MBSR or Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction and RIBT or Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy as suitable therapeutic ways for the resolution of the addressed problem.

Keywords :

Stress, inflammation, exploratory research design