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The Transition of Shalakya Tantra from Ancient Texts to Ayurvedic Classics

Author : Dr. Mayank Jaiswal, Dr. Krishna Kumar Tiwari, Dr. Swati Vyas and Dr. Meenakshi Chauhan

Abstract :

One of the eight branches of Ayurveda, along with Netragat roga, Karnagat roga, and Mukhgat roga, that focuses on ailments and disorders of the head and neck area is Shalakya Tantra. Ancient texts documenting its path through Ayurvedic classics may be found; some of the most significant ones are as follows:
Rigved: This work contains numerous mentions of surgeries and therapies related to the Shalakya Tantra, presented as anecdotes. Atharvaved: The foundational work of Ayurveda is this scripture. Numerous illnesses associated with the Shalakya tantra, such as Shirsakti, Shirsamaya, Karna shula, Vilohita, etc., are also described in stories and mantras. The text Chakshupanishad is devoted to the preservation and treatment of vision. The locations of seven gods in seven distinct regions of the eyes are mentioned in the Brihadaranyak Upnishad in order to preserve it. This demonstrates their extensive understanding of the anatomy of the eye. Contribution of Charak Samhita (200-300 B.C.): this seminal work of ayurveda, credited to Acharya Charak, covers a variety of shalakya tantra subjects. Second-century Sushrut Samhita: The first 26 chapters of this text are devoted to the Uttar tantra, the final chapter to the Nidana tantra, the 16th chapter to the Sutra tantra, and the 22nd chapter to the Chikitsa tantra to the Shalakya tantra. Ashtang Hridaya & Ashtang Sangrah: Acharya Vagbhat has included information about shalakya tantra in 17 chapters of the Uttara Tantra. Bhel Samhita: It is organized into eight sthana and has 120 chapters. As per the shalakya tantra point of view chapter no. 21 Shiroroga chikitsa is of great important.

Keywords :

Shalakya tantra, samhita, charak, sushrut, ashtang, bhel, chakshu panishad, rigved, atharvaved, brihadaranyak upnishad