Ayurveda is one of the ancient sciences of life. In Ayurvedic text there are brief description of body its anatomical structures. According Acharya has described the Sira in ancient era. In that order acharya sushruta has described the sira in sharir sthana chapter-7. Sushruta has classified the details such as disturbance among sira, dhamni & srotas. Sushruta has mentioned 4 types of sira-Aruna, Neela, Lohita, Sweta. These are relevant respectively with the dosha-Vatta, Pitta, Kapha, Rakta. We can regard these sira is the vein, which carry deoxygenated blood from all over the body towards the heart. The blood from these sira by flow velocity is called Saran Kriya. A total 700 sira are present in our body. These sira are basically of two types Vedhya and Avedhya. Vedhya sira are the sira which can be punctured for curing the disease & these are 602 in no. Avedhya sira are strictly prohibited for puncturing & these are 98 in no. Out of total 700 sira there are 40 moola sira, which are further classified to four regions. These are vatvaha, pittvaha, kaphvaha, raktavaha are 10,10,10,10 respectively.
Keywords: Sira, vein, dhamni, sushruta
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