Marma Sharir is one of the prominent subjects in Ayurveda. They are the important anatomical landmarks which are the confluence of muscles, veins, ligaments, bones and joints. In these places Prana (life) resides especially by nature; hence when Marma is injured, they cause their respective consequences. Acharya Charak has divided Baahu in three parts i.e., Prabahu, Prapani and Hastha. Prabahu contains 4 Marma which are Aani, Urvi, Lohitaksha, kakshadhara. Marmas are very important from traumatological point of view, any trauma at these points can cause death or pain equivalent to pain of death. According to prognostic and structural classification, Prabahu Marma is classified under Vaikalyakara Marma. The science of Vaikalyakara Marma is an ancient surgical anatomy of orthopaedic surgery and neurosurgery. Marma is one of the different passage of disease. To these diseases successfully it is very important to find out actual location, anatomical composition, and vulnerable structures of Prabahu Marma. This work is an attempt to present a proper guideline of the exact location, composition, structural anatomy of Prabahu Marma and what kind of internal structures involved in it which make Prabahu Marma a Vaikalyakara Marma. During dissection, various articulations were found in area of Prabahu (Aani, Urvi, Lohitaksha, Kakshadhara) Marma which is predominant in tendon, ligament, arteries, veins and nerves.
Keywords: Prabahu Marma, Ayurveda, Sharir
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